High blood pressure occurs when your blood pressure rises to unhealthy levels. Here are six health complications that can arise if symptoms of hypertension are ignored.
High blood pressure is known as the silent killer |Photo Credit: Thinkstock
New Delhi: High blood pressure, or hypertension, now a paints a stark picture of a public health crisis, with the number of people suffering from the condition seeing a swift rise in the recent past. According to the National Family Health Survey, which screened 22.5 million adults across 100 districts in 2017, one in every eight Indian has hypertension - - a significant increase from the one-in-every-11 number thrown up by the NFHS (2015-16). Although the figures are alarming, the numbers are lower than what they are in some countries.
In the US, one in every three people suffers from hypertension, whereas one in four indults the UK has high blood pressure, the World Health Organisation (WHO) said. The real problem with hypertension is that it rarely has noticeable symptoms. This condition occurs when the blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. An individual with blood pressure higher than 130/80 is considered to have hypertension or high blood pressure, as per the new treatment guidelines from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. Previously, a blood pressure reading of 140/90 was considered high. Read - Hypertension: Listen to classical music if you have high BP, here are 5 foods that lower blood pressure
Most people with high blood pressure will not develop any symptoms and that’s the reason why it is often called a ‘silent killer’. A few people with high blood pressure may show the following symptoms - a severe headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, vision problems, irregular heartbeat, blood in the urine, etc.
Hypertension, if left untreated, put you at an increased risk of various health problems. And here are some serious health complications that can result from persistent high blood pressure:
- Heart attack and heart failure
- Kidney disease
- Metabolic syndrome
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Aortic aneurysms
Since the only way to find out whether you have hypertension is by getting your blood pressure checked, healthy adults are advised to get this done at least once every five years. However, those diagnosed with high blood pressure should get their blood pressure checked on frequently.
Home remedies for high blood pressure
Making changes in your lifestyle can go a long way toward managing high blood pressure. But, make sure that you talk to a doctor before making certain changes in your lifestyle. The following recommended lifestyle changes can help prevent and lower high blood pressure:
- Eat a heart-healthy diet is important for controlling high blood pressure. A heart-healthy diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins like fish, etc.
- Cut back on red meat and unhealthy saturated and trans fat.
- Reduce the amount of salt intake.
- Exercise on a regular basis - should aim for about 30 minutes of moderate physical activity five times a week.
- Maintain a healthy weight, if you’re overweight, lose weight by making healthier choices like eating a heart-healthy diet and increasing physical activity.
- Get adequate sleep each night - about 7 to 8 hours. Lack of sleep can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure.
- Manage stress – While there’s no proof that stress by itself can cause long-term high blood pressure, taking steps to reduce stress can improve health in many ways.